The AAS recognises excellence through the election of scientists into AAS Membership as Fellows/Associate Fellows and Affiliates, a programme to mentor young professionals into world class research leaders. To date AAS has recognised 330 AAS Fellows and Associate and Honorary Fellows who are proven science, technology and innovation leaders, policy advisors and thinkers who live and work throughout the continent. Scientists from outside Africa whose work has contributed to developing the continent can also be nominated and elected as Fellows.
In addition, every year the AAS selects Affiliates from each of the five African regions who are below the age of 40, have PhDs and doctoral experience work in academic and research institutions in any field. These are designated as AAS Affiliates for five years.
The AAS also gives out the Olusegun Obasanjo Prize for Scientific Discovery and Technological Innovation every two years to honour African scientists who have contributed to the development of their fields and the continent.