CIRCLE Visiting Fellows-Cohort 3

Ms Akuffobea Mavis
Home Institution Science and Technology Policy Research Institute (CSIR-STEPRI), Ghana.
Host Institution University  of Dar Es Salaam (UDMS), Tanzania 
Areas of research interest: Climate Variability, Green Technologies and Environmental Conservation, Innovation Studies and Small and Medium Enterprises Development
Summary of research 
The negative effects of climate variability affect lives and livelihoods of the various social groups differently due to gender inequality caused by social roles and responsibilities, social status, economic power, and access to and control over resources. This study assesses the gendered impacts of climate change on livelihoods of people living in protected areas in Ghana. It aims to understand how the various gender groups are differently impacted by climate variability, the adaptation strategies they employ and their capacities from a gender perspective in terms of opportunities and challenges to better adapt to climate variability.

Dr Ayinde, Adefunke Fadilat Olawunmi

Home Institution Federal University Of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Host Institution University of Cape Town, South Africa 
Areas of research interest: Farmers’ Perception on Climate Variation; Climate Variation Adaptation Strategies; Arable Crops (Cassava-based Farms); 
Capacity building for Women and Youth; Government Intervention (Strategies)  on Climate Variation
Summary of research 
This research is aimed at examining cassava farmers’ perception level, causes and effects of climate variability in the rainforest and derived savannah ecosystems of Nigeria, adaptation strategies put in place by the small scale farmers and the government as well as examination of influence of women and youth (successor generation of farmers) in decision making on adaptation to climate variability. The study will also focus on farmers’ livelihood changes occasioned by climate variability among others. 

Dr (Mrs) Badu Mercy

Home Institution Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Host Institution Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria 
Areas of research interest:
Natural products chemistry
Summary of research 
Oilseeds and nuts have been reported in recent times as the leading supplier of superior quality and specialty vegetable oils as a result of their nutritional and medicinal properties. They have high oil content, which ranges from 20-70 % of the total weight of the seed.
This project seeks to take inventory of the different species of drought-resistant oilseed bearing plants found in the northern savannah zone of Ghana and Nigeria. These plants consistently grow under high drought conditions within the savannah zone. The plants have adapted to the harsh climatic conditions and may withstand the worse scenarios of rising temperatures due to climatic changes.  Hence they can support food security and malnutrition in this era of climate change.

Dr Fana Hagos Berhane 

Home Institution Mekelle University , Ethiopia
Host Institution Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia 
Areas of research interest: Climate Change Laws and Policy, Gender
Summary of research 
There are powerful arguments for addressing gender issues in the policy areas, both to prevent climate change from exacerbating existing gender inequalities and to make sure that public policy on both curbing and adapting to climate change is as effective as possible. In spite of this, however, there is a lack of research and paucity of hard evidence that cast light on the linkage between gender and climate change, and the intersection of gender and climate change with the laws and policies especially in the context of the least developed countries like Ethiopia. There are ranges of climate change-related laws, policies and programmes in Ethiopia, however, the extent of to which these laws and policies take gender into consideration is yet to be investigated. Hence, the objective of this postdoctoral research project is contributing to the growing body of literature on Gender and Climate change by providing an analysis on the extent to which 
gender differences are taken into account in the development of policies and laws on climate change mitigation and adaptation in Ethiopia and to investigates the opportunities, challenges and progress made toward mainstreaming gender into all climate-change protection systems in the country. 

Dr Bosire, Caroline

Home Institution International Livestock Research Institute, Kenya.
Host Institution University of Fort Hare, South Africa.
Areas of research interest:Ecology, Agriculture, Natural resource management, climate adaptation.
Summary of research 

In many areas, freshwater and land limitations are already restricting agricultural production. Competition for these resources will increase in the future. As the availability and the usage of these resources decrease due to climate change conditions (Herrero et al. 2010),  the demand for natural resources will increase as a result of agricultural development. Particularly, for smallholder farmers, it is important for them to adapt to a changed climatic environment. If they fail to do so, they will find it hard to produce the quantity of food demanded by the rising urban population. I expect that my research will influence policy in climate change adaptation by providing the biophysical constraints associated with farmers’ adaptations. This will provide tangible evidence of the pros and cons of policies towards farmer adaptation on natural resource demand.

Ms Chinokwetu Varaidzo

Home Institution Chinhoyi University of Technology, Zimbabwe
Host Institution University of South Africa, South Africa
Areas of research interest: Climate Change Adaptation, Environmental Sustainability, Policy and Livelihoods
Summary of research 
Climate change poses major threats to vulnerable households and communities relying on rain fed agricultural production, and climate sensitive livelihoods especially in semi-arid tropics. An understanding of how these communities perceive and manage climate-related shocks and stressors is needed in order to improve the designing and/or implementation of appropriate and effective support systems. It has been acknowledged that effective policies for sustainable climate change adaptation and food security can only be made if the adaptation processes of farmers at the local level are taken into consideration. Perceptions of climate change are translated into the livelihoods decision-making processes. The households live within varied social and economic factors that influence the immediate adaptation options. An interrogation of the adaptation environment of the farmers will point to what matters to them and ways can be explored to strengthen the adaptation strategies and the creation of a conducive adaptation environment.mate change.

Mr Dandeebo Gordon

Home Institution University for Development Studies, Tamale - Ghana
Host Institution Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam – Tanzania
Areas of research interest: Health Systems Development, Maternal and Child Health, Community Participation in Health, Partnerships in Health, Climate Change and Community Health
Summary of research 

This study seeks to explore the plausibility of using community-based health structures in managing the health risks of climate variability through effective public health and healthcare strategies. If existing community-based health structures were developed and strengthened they could play an effective role in building the adaptive capacity of vulnerable rural communities to the impact of climate variability. It is, therefore, worthwhile to investigate the strategies and the methods that are used, and can be used, to integrate community health structures so that they correspond to the skills for future surveillance activities and retrospective data sets with respect to climate change.

Emiru Nega Chalie

Home Institution Hawassa University, EthiopiaHawassa University, Ethiopia
Host Institution University of Fort Hare, South Africa 
Areas of research interest: Water and climate 
Summary of research 
The dependence of Ethiopia's economy on agriculture combined with the rain-fed nature of the country’s farming system makes it particularly vulnerable to the climate variability and change. The erratic nature of rainfall often results in crops failure. Changes in precipitation, temperature and hence evapotranspiration will affect crop water demand and irrigation water needs. In contrast, predicted increase in river flow in some months of the year is likely to cause floods. Overflowing of channels of both minor and major rivers and an abnormal rise in lake levels may flood agricultural fields and human settlements.In order to manage and mitigate against the impacts of climate change and variability, detailed studies of the changes and the resulting effects are necessary. This will help policies makers develop appropriate water resource policies that consider future climate change and ensure sustainable utilization of the resource. In this regard, my research will have its own contribution for policy makers.

Dr Ewusi-Mensah, Nana

Home Institution Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Host Institution University of Cape Town, South Africa 
Areas of research interest: Soil health and plant nutrition. Legume adaptation to climate change.  Enhancing legume production in agricultural systems by promoting microbial activity in biological nitrogen fixation, mycorrhiza and organic matter decomposition. 
Rhizobium ecology.  
Summary of research 
Global concerns now necessitate the search for soil management practices that can be used to achieve food security and at the same time contribute to global climate change mitigation and adaptation.Biochar is a promising technology which has been reported to positively mitigate global warming and an array of soil processes. However, very little biochar is still utilized in Ghana as soil amendment mainly because of low N quality, 
short and long term benefits which are not extensively quantified and poor understanding of mechanisms by which soil health is improved. Thus, a deeper understanding is needed to elucidate mechanisms underlying the use of enhanced N biochar on soil health and its suitability under various soil types and climatic conditions.

Lilian I. Ezenwa

Home Institution Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State. Nigeria.
Host Institution Moi University, Kenya 
Areas of research interest: Climate Change, Pollution control, Environmental (Soil & Plants) Conservation
Summary of research:
Recently, (Feb. 2017) Kenyan government declared drought a national disaster, as this has affected almost 23 counties out of 43 counties in Kenya. Drought which has been known to be shortage in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in water shortage causing adverse impacts on vegetation, animals, and/or human. However, Baringo County is one of the 23 arid and semi-arid (ASAL) areas in Kenya and is located in the northern part of the country with a population of approximately half a million people. The County is prone to drought as the main disaster and has four livelihood zones namely: pastoralist, agro-pastoralist, irrigated and mixed farming zones. Vegetation cover 
in Baringo County has reduced to nearly a third between October and December 2016. 
This research is centered on the different ways in which men and women contribute to drought, the different ways they respond to and are able to cope with drought, and the differences on how they are able to move from short-term coping strategies to resilience. Though, women form inexplicably a large share of the poor in developing countries. Women in rural areas in developing countries are highly dependent on local natural resources for their livelihood, because of their obligation to fetch water, secure food and energy for cooking. 

Dr Ezikanyi  Dimphna Nneka
Home Institution Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Host Institution Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Science , Tanzania 
Areas of research interest: Aeropalynology, Climate change, Immunology
Summary of research 
The research is focused on impact of climate variables on atmospheric pollen and spores. Airborne pollen and spores are major environmental factors that trigger and exacerbate allergenic diseases such as asthma, conjunctivitis/rhinoconjuctivitis, rhinitis/hay fever, dermatitis /eczema, pollinosis etc. Increase in Co2 due to Climate change influences pollen and spores production, distribution and dispersal in atmosphere. The present research will focus on studying the spatial distribution and abundance of airborne pollen and spores across different climatic regions in Nigeria, this is to elucidate how climatic variables impact on airborne pollen and spores in different seasons (wet and dry seasons) in Nigeria. 

Dr Garutsa Tendayi C.
Home Institution University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Host Institution Chinhoyi University of Technology, Zimbabwe
Areas of research interest:Climate change, Gender, vulnerabilities, Indigenous knowledge, Rural development 
Summary of research 
Zimbabwe a previously food producing country has been experiencing drastic changes in rainfall patterns, declining by 25 percent. Temperature has increased by 4 degrees Celsius crippling both the livestock and subsistence farming sectors contributing to the national economy (IPCC, 2014). On this note Climate change has produced differentiated and distinct vulnerabilities in rural communities (Carr, 2008; Swai et al., 2012; Sultana, 2013). However, Climate change responses have been overly focused on scientific and economic solutions rather than on significant human and gender dimensions (Skinner, 2011). Treating gender as the primary cause of vulnerability produces a narrow analysis making other social markers (age, types of households, income and ethnicity) analytically invisible (Carr et al., 2014). Against this background this study aims to explore variable vulnerabilities to climate change adaptation within and between genders amongst the Kalanga and Shona ethnic groups in Zimbabwe. 

Ms Gebremedhin Tigist Kibru
Home Institution Mekelle University, Ethiopia
Host Institution University For Development Studies (UDS), Tamale, Ghana
Areas of research interest: Climate change, Forestry, Agroforestry, Carbon sequestration, Biodiversity, Seed Technology 
Summary of research 
In 2004, World Vision Australia and World Vision Ethiopia initiated a forestry-based carbon sequestration project as a potential means of stimulating community development while engaging in environmental restoration. An innovative partnership with the World Bank, the Humbo Community based Natural Regeneration Project involved the regeneration of 
2,728 hectares of degraded native forests. Following the success of the Humbo project, FMNR spread to the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia where 20,000 hectares have been set aside for regeneration, including 10-hectare FMNR model sites for research and demonstration in each of 34 sub-districts (Rinaudo, 2012). In addition, the Government of Ethiopia has committed to reforest 15 million hectares of degraded land using FMNR as part of a climate change and renewable energy plan to become carbon neutral by 2025 (UNDP, 2012). Even though the FMNR practices spread to Tigray region there is lack of research on FMNR and perception of farmers on climate smart agricultural practices in the area. More over the implication of the research output will be used for policy recommendation on climate change adaptation and mitigation in the study area. 

Ms Habib Zobida Habib Omer
Home Institution Kordofan University – Sudan 
Host Institution University of Dar Es slaam- Tanzania 
Areas of research interest: Climate Change Adaptation 
Summary of research 
Studying the socio-economics, adaptation as well as opportunities of further utilization of these new technologies is interest for all stockholders involved in climate smart agriculture including researchers academicians, policy makers, development practitioners as well as farmers.

Dr Hammed Taiwo Babatunde
Home Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria 
Host Institution University of Nairobi, Kenya 
Areas of research interest: Municipal waste management (composting, waste recycling and material recovery from wastes, smokeless charcoal, bio-diesel as well as biogas production and their applications), hazardous waste management and sewage treatment.
Summary of research
The general aim of this study is to assess litter generation and management process in a community and train members on energy and resource recovery from litters for climate change mitigation and environmental sustainability. This study will adopt a quasi-experimental design, comprising mixed method of data collection such as questionnaire, FGD, IPCC model for calculating greenhouse gas generation potentials of various solid waste components and management practices. It also comprises physical and chemical characterization of litters generated in the study community.

Mrs Ibe, Geraldine Ogechukwu
Home Institution Michael Okpara University Of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria
Host Institution University for Development Studies, Ghana
Areas of research interest:
  • Study of forest food species in the tropics, savannah and mangrove forests.
  • Conservation of Ecological forests.
  • Conservation of endangered indigenous edible non timber forest species.
  • Nutritional values of forest food species.
  • Assessment of exotic forest food species.
  • Incorporation of Agriculture and Forestry using high technological methods.
  • Propagation methods of endangered indigenous forest food species for conservation and sustainability purposes.
Summary of research 
This research work ‘impact of climate change on contribution of non-timber forest food (NTFF) products to the poverty and food security of rural forest farmers in Abia state, Nigeria’, will be of great influence to the policy and/or practice of climate change mitigation efforts in Abia State of Nigeria in particular and in forest ecologies of West Africa more broadly in several ways. The study will identify the key impacts of climate variability on the poverty and food security of rural forest farmers and in the rural economy of target communities in the study. 

Dr Jubril Afusat Jagun
Home Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Host Institution University of Nairobi, Kenya
Areas of research interest: Environmental toxicology, Veterinary Pathology, Ecotoxicity in fish.
Summary of research 
Pollution of environment has been a serious global anthropogenic threat to biodiversity and ecosystems, which could impede the adaptation of exposed species to the effects of climate change. A research on the effect of climate change is of optimal importance in understanding the adaptation of species to their natural environment. There would be scientific publications on the level and components of endocrine disrupting chemical pollutants and its associated pathology as well as its effect on adaptation to global warming using Tilapia as a model. One intended outcome of the study is that Tilapia can be used as sentinel species to determine the choice of urban water to be used for fishing and other agricultural practices. Such information would be relevant to public health professionals as well as agriculturist/fish farmers.

Mr Kaijage, Heribert Robert
Home Institution Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania
Host Institution University of Ghana, Ghana
Areas of research interest: Environmental Health, Climate change Resilience, Mitigation and Adaptation Measures, Disaster Risk Reduction
Summary of research 
Using the household as a unit of measurement, this study is aiming at constructing a household climate-resilient composite index for health sector. The study will use existing DHS data available from the Tanzania Bureau of Statistics or ordered from the USA Measure Evaluation project and proxy indicators of climate change computed from Remote Sensing (RS) images. While there are several methods for developing composited indices, this study will employ indicator selection and normalization techniques (z-score and min-max), weighting and aggregation schemes (equal weighting and pair-wise comparison) and robustness analysis as used in Principle Component Analysis (PCA). 

Dr Joseph Kathiai Kurauka
Home Institution Kenyatta University, Kenya
Host Institution University of Dar es Salaam
Areas of research interest: Agroforestry-Based Bioenergy Systems, Renewable energy, Climate Change Studies, Natural Resource Management.
Summary of research
Rapid population growth has led to increased pollution and greenhouse gas emissions which have led to adverse climate change. Over 65% of the population of sub-Saharan Africa, are still without electricity or access to renewable energy. In order to mitigate impacts of climate change and conserve the environment for future generations, individuals, organizations, government as well as other concerned entities are innovating sustainable ways in which they can generate electricity and energy while in the process deriving a monetary benefit from the process. Trees are one of the most effective ways of harnessing the sun and turning it into usable energy, and trees can do this in a truly renewable way. Tree Based Integrated Food Energy System is a farming system that combines food crops and trees for wood energy production on the same farm. It aims at producing both food and wood energy on the same piece of land. Despite strong evidence linking benefits of agroforestry with community livelihoods, there is a dearth of studies linking farmers’ initiatives in renewable energy within the agroforestry system. 

Dr Lala, Adebukunola Olufunmilayo
Home Institution Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State Nigeria.
Host Institution Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Areas of research interest: Pig production and climate change
Summary of research 
The study is aimed to explore nutritional strategies with the use of synthetic amino acids (lysine, methionine, tryptophan and threonine) and phytase to reduce green house emissions through reduced nitrous oxide (NO2) and methane (CH4) in the manure, A total of thirty (30) growing pigs weighing between 15-20 kg will be fed six experimental diets and evaluated for growth, nutrient digestibility (dry matter, energy, nitrogen, organic matter), amino acid utilization and manure gas emissions at the end of the 16-week experiment.

Dr Majale Christine
Home Institution Kenyatta University: Kenya
Host Institution University of South Africa- UNISA: South Africa
Areas of research interest: Urban Waste Management; Climate Change
Summary of research 
An increasingly key focus of waste management activities is to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions. From a climate perspective, the benefits of both re-use and recycling are realized in avoided GHG emissions from waste treatment and disposal, and a GHG benefit in avoided resource extraction and manufacture of new products. No study in East Africa has looked into carbon emissions linked to plastic waste innovations which could in the long run contribute significantly to total GHG emissions. Literature of 2010 records that 10% of the waste generated in Nairobi, Kenya is plastic waste. The informal recycling sector plays a significant, yet largely unrecognized role in plastic waste management. In Kenya, 
private industrial actors largely rely on these informal actors to provide them with plastic waste as raw material. This study therefore seeks to assess the contribution of plastic waste innovations (Innovation is here defined as a practice in which actors add value to plastic waste and close the material cycle) by these informal actors to climate change 
mitigation efforts. Quantifying the benefits of their activities will bring to the fore the role that such groups can play in the bigger goal of climate change mitigation efforts. Recognizing their role could facilitate friendly waste management policies and a possible platform to lobby for tax reductions directed at waste management activities of such 

Rettie, Fasil Mequanint
Home Institution Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Ethiopia
Host Institution Makerere University, Department of Geography, Geo-Information and Climatic Sciences, Uganda
Areas of research interest: Urban Waste Management; Climate Change
Summary of research
Agriculture is highly sensitive to climatic parameters and numerous studies show that Africa will be highly affected by long-term climate changes, mostly in a negative manner, and adaptation is required. Despite a number of limitations to be clearly understood, the value of the application of climate prediction in agriculture under current and future climates is evident.  With the availability of climate predictions produced by several global climate models (GCMs), in the past decade, multi-model ensemble (MME) techniques have been developed to improve the accuracy in seasonal predictions by reducing uncertainties associated with individual models. The main purpose of this study is, therefore, to contribute to understanding of the potential use of seasonal forecasts downscaled from a GCM and improving the current seasonal precipitation forecast system. 

Mr Mollel, Jackson
Home Institution Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania
Host Institution Makerere University of Ibadan (UI), Nigeria
Areas of research interest: Urban Waste Management; Climate ChangeControl of infectious diseases and Investigating biological activities of natural products.
Summary of research
Cholera is among the major public health problems in most developing countries. In Tanzania cholera outbreaks have been reported since 1974. The disease is caused by a marine bacterium V. cholerae. As an environmental pathogen; seasonal variation and climate changes influence cholera epidemics. For example in the coastal region of mainland Tanzania, a significant association between the number of cholera cases and climatic has been established. Bacteriophage infecting V. cholerae (vibriophages) is a biological factor known to impart a natural control and evolution of V. cholerae. There is mounting evidence that vibriophages in water bodies down-regulates the prevalence of V. cholerae and eventually decrease re-emergence of cholera outbreaks. Despite such an important association, the impact of climatic conditions on vibriophages remains unknown. The present study aims to assess the effects of climatic conditions on vibriophages and establish its association with seasonal variation of V. cholerae in water bodies in Dar es salaam, Tanzania.

Mr Mulat Girma Muluken
Home Institution Wollo University, Ethiopia
Host Institution University of Nairobi, Kenya
Areas of research interest: Climate change and Small holder Farmers Aspiration.
Summary of research 
Poverty and food insecurity remain as a major challenges of smallholder farmers in the developing nations. Though previous studies focused on the external factors (resource related)for the perpetuation of poverty, internal factors like aspiration failure are also found to play their own role. Thus, solving both the resource (external) factors as well as the internal constraints would have paramount significance in tackling the two challenges. However, limited researches have been done on how the individual aspiration is formed. Indeed, two process are pointed out to form individual aspiration level; past experiences and comparison with important others.  Here it is hypothesized that past experience of 
climate shocks, as stimuli, can play a role in the aspiration formation of smallholder farers. Thus, in this research, the impact of previous climate related shocks on the aspiration formation of farmers and its gender perspective will be assessed.  In doing so it will serve as a point of departure to frame an intervention option different from the resource 
oriented past endeavors to tackle poverty and food insecurity. Beneficiaries of the output would be smallholder farmers and also the research and academic community.

Dr A.T Muruviwa
Home Institution University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Host Institution Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
Areas of research interest: Climate change and Human Health
Summary of research
The significance of this study is that it allows for the development of a more nuanced and robust climate change adaptation and mitigation policy on women’s health in Zimbabwe and Africa as a whole. Rather than focusing on the scientific assessment of climate change, the study interrogates the gender dimension of climate change to understand the gendered experiences of rural women’s health in relation to climate induced disasters such as severe flooding. Using a community-based dialogue-oriented approach the research will engage rural women stationed at Chingwizi Transit Camp, Zimbabwe who are victims of extreme events.

Dr Mvungi, Esther
Home Institution University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Host Institution University of Cape Town, South Africa
Areas of research interest: My research interest is centered in understanding how plants respond to both abiotic and biotic stressors
Summary of research 
Seagrasses are marine angiosperms that exist fully submersed in water. They provide profound ecological and economical goods and services to marine environment and to the coastal communities. They support diverse marine organisms ranging from invertebrate to vertebrate, they are foods for marine herbivores, helps in nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, and also provide fishing ground for human populations along the coast. Regardless of their valuable services, seagrasses survival is threatened by multitude stressors caused by ever increasing human population and hence increased anthropogenic activities along the coastal areas which as well contribute to the 
climate change variability seen in present days. Thus in order to understand how multiple stressors affect seagrass ecosystem, this study is set out to investigate how anthropogenic induced ocean acidification, temperature, and nutrient enrichment affect the performance of seagrass Zostera capensis from the west coast of South Africa. 



Dr Nhundu Kenneth
Home Institution University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Host Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Areas of research interest: Climate Change Issues; Renewable Energy Food & Nutrition Security; Agricultural & Rural Development; New Institutional Economics; Agricultural Water Resources Management; Waste Management and Recycling
Summary of research 
The demand for energy to meet social and economic development and improve human welfare and health, is increasing. Green House Gas (GHG) emissions from the energy services have contributed significantly to the historic increase in atmospheric GHG concentrations (IPCC, 2011). Reducing GHG from the energy system require interventions such as energy efficiency and Renewable Energy (RE). On the other note, electricity prices are said to have doubled and are still on the increase in the last few years, yet there is a deficiency in exposing South Africa to alternatives such as green energy (Robbins, 2013).Furthermore, a large population in South Africa do not have basic access to energy and are dependent on biomass, paraffin and candles. Therefore, it is envisioned that the deployment of RE technologies can be a mitigation options and can contribute to social and economic development, energy access, a secure energy supply, and reducing negative impacts on the environment and health. The development and transition to solar energy will align with provincial priorities such as youth employment, etc. It is expected that the outcome of the projects shall mainly benefit the marginalized rural communities of Eastern Cape Province. 

Dr Daniel Nyadanu
Home Institution Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi
Host Institution Kenyatta University
Areas of research interest:Breeding for drought tolerance in cocoa, Climate change scenarios  in cocoa growing areas in Ghana, Variation in water use efficiency among clones of cocoa.
Summary of research 
West Africa has experienced a drying of the climate, leading to decreases in annual rainfall by 30% in the West African Savanna. Farmers in Ghana in recent years experienced death of seedlings at establishment stage of cocoa and high seedling mortality has become a critical constraint to sustainable cocoa farming. Mitigating impacts of climate change on cocoa production is therefore no more an option but a dire need to protect 
livelihood of farmers and sustain the economy of cocoa growing countries in West Africa. One of the means to address effects of climate change is to use irrigation. However, in many cocoa producing countries in West Africa, irrigation systems or facilities are lacking. Therefore, the survival of resource poor, small scale cocoa growers who depend on rain 
for establishment of their cocoa has become a major challenge. Small-scale cocoa farmers are particularly vulnerable because of their limited adaptive capacity. Breeding for drought resistant varieties has been regarded as one of the major means to adapt to effects of climate change. In breeding for drought resistance, there is a need to understand the current trend of climate change scenarios in major cocoa growing areas of Ghana and to exploit the germplasm of cocoa under natural and managed drought stress conditions to identify sources of resistance to drougstove design engineers, and policymakers. 
Dr Sandra Ofori
Home Institution University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Host Institution University of Ghana, Accra Ghana
Areas of research interest: Health and livelihoods
Summary of research 
In this study, short-term exposure-response relationships between indoor air pollutants and markers of CVD will be sought by monitoring the daily average household concentration of PM 2.5 and assessing CVD risk factors, blood pressure and carotid intima media thickness in the study population. The findings may form a basis for advocating for the use of cleaner fuels or modification of cook stoves and fireplaces and stimulate inter-sectorial collaboration between CVD and environmental scientists, cook stove design engineers, and policymakers. 

Dr Oladapo Olukunle Olaonipekun
Home Institution Ladoke Akintola University of Science and Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
Host Institution Kwame Nkurumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Areas of research interest: Climate change, ionizing radiation, modeling, agricultural productivity and agricultural policy.
Summary of research
In Nigeria and most African countries, probably due to low awareness of radon, its capability of being used as tools and indicators has not been widely explored, most especially in agricultural planning for yield improvement, in which soil moisture determination plays a key role. Hence, this study seeks to use the relationship between fluctuations in the atmospheric radon concentration as impacted by changes in climatic parameters as a tool for modeling variations in soil moisture content in the study area.

Dr (Mrs) Owoade, Folasade Mary
Home Institution Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Host Institution University Of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.
Areas of research interest: Estimating carbon sequestration potentials of some landuse systems.
Summary of research
Relationship between climate change and soil carbon resources is of key concern to human society. Soils have the potential to sequester carbon from the atmosphere with proper management. Soil’s usefulness as a carbon sink and drawdown solution is essential based on global estimates of historic carbon stocks and projections of rising emissions. Land use conversion and agricultural activities have been reported to produce 30% of total anthropogenic emissions both directly and indirectly (hidden carbon costs). Therefore, conversion to a restorative land use and adoption of best management 
practices must be integral to any strategy of mitigating climate change.

Dr Oyebola Oyediran Olusegun
Home Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Host Institution Makerere University, Uganda
Areas of research interest: Aquaculture, Inland and Marine Fisheries Management , Climate Change, Fish Genetics and Breeding,  Nutri-genomics  and Fish Biotechnology 
Summary of research 
Inadequate information on fish farmers resilience to climate change, climate change induced flood and attendant hazard, including fish invasions (wild-farm, vice versa), and dearth of holistic fingerprints for monitoring, control and surveillance of invasion of the highly cultured but invasive Clarias gariepinus, across its distribution range in Africa 
necessitated this research. The study is expected to produce information on farmer’s knowledge, vulnerability and indigenous resilience to climate change, climate change induced flood and fish farm invasion by alien fishes including Clarias gariepinus strains in response to impact of climate change, It will also generate baseline holistic genomic tools for monitoring, control and surveillance of C. gariepinus in cases of climate change induced invasion

Popoola Kehinde Olayinka
Home Institution Obafemi  Awolowo University, Ie-Ife, Nigeria
Host Institution Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Areas of research interest: Gender studies, Rural and Social Planning
Summary of research 
This study is important because studies that examined the choice of adaptation did not explicitly explain how climatechange/variability is perceived and adapted by the aged population especially in the rural areas of the different ecological zones of Nigeria. The findings of this study will provide Bench Mark Data on the perceived climate variability
impact related to livelihood activities of the rural aged and their indigenous coping strategies in the differentecological zones of Nigeria.

Dr Tilumanywa Verdiana Tindichebwa
Home Institution University of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
Host Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Areas of research interest:Environmental Analysis: GIS and Mapping: Application in Land cover and Land use studies and change detection;Environmental change: Land use change, climate change and variability; Analysis and Management of Special Environments(mountains, drylands); Livelihoods; Tourism and development: potential, management and impact analysis

Summary of research
Agricultural support services are important in bringing about resilience in agriculture to the effect of climatevariation (FAO, 2013). However, inadequate agricultural support services in terms of personnel for farmers to get timelyinformation on extension, marketing, transport, input supply, credit, storage, processing and weather information serviceis a serious problem to agricultural development in sub Saharan Africa. The questions that remain are how theagricultural support system functions in the study area and in what ways can it be improved so as to enhancesmallholders’ capacity to adapt to climate variation?  

Mr Utete Beaven

Home Institution Chinhoyi University of Technology, Zimbabwe
Host Institution University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Areas of research interest: Fisheries and water resources in peri-urban areas

Summary of research
This multivariate, interdisciplinary and multinational study intends to explore the food security, resilience andadaptive capacity of fisheries resources and fishing livelihood-dependent communities in the face of climate change in a peri-urban lake system. The underlying objective is to investigate the impact of climatic factors (rainfall and
temperature) on the water resources, and determine their translative impacts on fisheries and the vulnerability offishing livelihood-dependent communities in a peri-urban lake set up. It is hoped hirtherto neglected peri-urban small scale inland fisheries will get the necessary mainline governmental support and are recognised as unique viable enterprises with manifold roles in uplift the socio-economic status of millions of fisheries dependent communities.