Africa is home to 15% of the world’s population and 5% of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP) but accounts for just 1.3% of global investment in research and development (R&D).
For the continent to achieve even the world average for the number of researchers per head of population, it will need to rapidly train one million new PhDs. There will need to be investment in infrastructure and career development, both at universities and other research organisations.
Home Institution: Ethiopian Institutes of Agricultural Research
Kidist Abera Anteneh
Host institution: University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Area of research: Biometrics, GIS and agrometeorology research.
Research focus: Evaluation of the impact of climate change on maize (Zea mays L.) production via crop simulation modelling.
The purpose of this research is to formulate adaptation options, which should be practical, affordable and acceptable to farmers through quantifying the impact of observed climate variability and possible future changes on maize crop production using a state-of-the-art dynamical crop simulation models.
Area of research: Economic value of natural resources (Contingent valuation approach). Economic impact of climate change on agricultural crop production. Agri-business and value chain adaptation to climate change.
Research focus: This research focuses on adaptation to climate change by smallholder farmers and determinants to their adaptation decision in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Adaptation to climate change is a two-step process, which involves perceiving that the climate is changing and then responding to changes through adaptation strategies. The perception of the farmers on climate change will determine the adaptation strategies of the farmers. The potential influential factors that affect farmer’s adaptation strategies are supposed to be environmental, economical and institutional factors. This study addresses the following research questions. How do smallholder farmers perceive climate change and its impacts? How do they respond to climate change impacts? What are the main factors that affect the response of smallholder farmers to climate change?
Home Institution: Mekelle University
Samuale Tesfaye Baye
Area of research: Eco-hydrology; ecological restoration; watershed management; surface hydrology; water balance in dryland areas; climate change adaptation and mitigation; land use land cover assessment; GIS and RS application to hydrology, forestry and land resources assessment; hillside management; environmental entrepreneurship; green economy; carbon forestry and landscaping.
Area of research: Climate change and variability, food security, rural livelihoods, sustainable development, environmental policy, and environmental management. Research focus: A growing body of literature on climate change adaptation suggests that “climate compatible development (CCD)” can help open up strategies to land-users that will help them maintain productivity in the face of changing rainfall patterns. CCD draws together adaptation and mitigation efforts in a way that does not compromise development, providing opportunities to achieve “triple wins”. But while the idea of CCD is alluring, much remains unknown about how to actually realise such “triple wins” in national and regional level policy making. This research identifies how policies promote CCD and whether these policies support adaptation, mitigation and development on the ground in Ghana. Divine Odame Appiah
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